Surgical suture materials are used in the closure of most wound types. The ideal suture should allow the healing tissue to recover sufficiently to keep the wound closed together once they are removed or absorbed.
The time it takes for a tissue to no longer require support from sutures will vary depending on tissue type:
- Days: Muscle, subcutaneous tissue or skin
- Weeks to Months: Fascia or tendon
- Months to Never: Vascular prosthesis
It is worth noting that regardless of suture composition, the body will react to any suture as a foreign body, producing a foreign body reaction to varying degrees.
In this article, we shall look the classification of suture materials, suture size, and the components of the surgical needle.